Rich is a Professor of Neurology, Medicine, and Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science at University of Maryland (UM), School of Medicine (SOM). He graduated with Alpha Omega Alpha honors from Ohio State University, SOM, completed residency in Neurology at UCLA, and was awarded 2 years National Stroke Association Fellowship at USC. In 1993, he joined UM SOM and developed research models for task-oriented exercise to improve neurological function, heart, and brain health after stroke, for which he was later awarded the National Paul B. Magnuson Award for VA Excellence in Rehabilitation Research. In 1999, he began collaborating with MIT to develop lower extremity robotics for integration with mobility exercise, founded and directed a VA Maryland Exercise and Robotic Center for a decade, while receiving continuous VA and NIH Research funding to present. His research funding helped support the team in developing and testing ankle robotics in stroke. Dr. Macko has given >150 National or International presentations. He has >150 research publications, including 16 on ankle robotics, inclusive of 4 positive stroke clinical trials. Dr. Macko has conducted or collaborated on rehabilitation research at multiple sites in the USA, Europe, Canada, and the Caribbean. He has 20 years of experience reviewing NIH, VA, NSF, Canadian National grants and developing consensus recommendations on stroke rehabilitation, aging, and bioengineering. He currently sits on a Presidential Advisory Board, Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee for 2018, focusing on chronic diseases, and brain health.